Penerbitan SCOPUS/ERA

samir salem al-bawri, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh, md tarikul islam.  (2022).  compact wideband five port reflectometer based on symmetrical waveguide ring junction for synthetic microwave imaging applications.  - international journal of communication systems.  1-14. 

farhad bin ashraf, touhidul alam, md tarikul islam, mandeep jit singh, norbahiah binti misran, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2022).  inkjet printed metamaterial loaded antenna for wlan/wimax applications.  - computers,materials & continua.  2271-2284. 

samir salem al-bawri, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh, mohd faizal jamlos, adam narbudowicz, max j. ammann, dominique m. m. p. schreurs.  (2022).  rss-based indoor localization system with single base station.  - computers, materials & continua.  5437-5452. 

mohammad tariqul islam, md atiqur rahman, mandeep jit singh, ismail hossain , mohamed s. soliman, sami h.a. almalki, haitham alsaif, md samsuzzaman.  (2022).  structural, dielectric, and magnetic properties characterization of sol-gel synthesized caxzn(0.90-x)ni0.10fe2o4 nanopowder and its application as flexible microwave substrate with polarization-insens.  - journal of materials research and technology-jmr&t.  5226-5237. 

ismail hossain, md samsuzzaman, mohd hafiz baharuddin, norsuzlin binti mohd sahar, mandeep singh jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2022).  computational investigation of multiband emnz metamaterial absorber for terahertz applications.  - computers, materials & continua.  3905-3920. 

omer t. abdulhae, jit singh mandeep, mt islam.  (2022).  cluster-based routing protocols for flying ad hoc networks (fanets).  - ieee access.  32981-33004. 

haider a. h. alobaidy, mandeep jit singh, mehran behjati, rosdiadee nordin, nor fadzilah abdullah.  (2022).  wireless transmissions, propagation and channel modelling for iot technologies: applications and challenges.  - ieee access.  24095-24131. 

rohaniza m. zali, mandeep j. s.  (2022).  tropopause estimation from gps-ro space-based by using covariance linear regression technique.  - journal of communications.  150-155. 

haider a. h. alobaidy , rosdiadee nordin ,mandeep jit singh , nor fadzilah abdullah, azril haniz,kentaro ishizu , takeshi matsumura ,fumihide kojima and nordin ramli.  (2022).  low-altitude-platform-based airborne iot network (lap-ain) for water quality monitoring in harsh tropical environment.  - ieee internet of things journal.  20034-20054. 

touhidul alam, muntasir m. sheikh, rabah w. aldhaheri, mandeep singh jit singh, mengu cho, mohammad tariqul islam, khalid h. alharbi. and md. shabiul islam.  (2022).  lower ultra-high frequency non-deployable omnidirectional antenna for nanosatellite communication system.  - nanomaterials.  1-9. 

md atiqur rahman, mandeep jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam, amran hossain, mohamed s. soliman, saleh mohammad albadran, md samsuzzaman.  (2022).  flexible antenna solegel synthesis nanoparticles tunable electromagnetic properties microwave head imaging.  - journal of materials research and technology.  3579-3591. 

md atiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh, ismail hossain hatem rmili, md samsuzzaman.  (2022).  magnetic, dielectric and structural properties of coxzn(0.90x)al0.10fe2o4 synthesized by sol gel method with application as flexible microwave substrates for microstrip patch antenna.  - journal of materials research and technology.  934-943. 

abdulmajeed al-jumaily, aduwati sali, v´ctor p. gil jiménez, fernando pérez fontán, mandeep jit singh, alyani ismail, qusay al-maatouk, ali m. al-saegh, dhiya al-jumeily.  (2022).  evaluation of 5g coexistence and interference signals in the c-band satellite earth station.  - ieee transactions on vehicular technology.  6189-6200. 

haider a.h. alobaidy, j. s. mandeep, rosdiadee nordin, nor fadzilah abdullah, cheong gze wei, marvin liong siang soon.  (2022).  real-world evaluation of power consumption and performance of nb-iot in malaysia.  - ieee internet of things journal.  11614-11632. 

md. rashedul islam, mohammad tariqul islam, mohamed s. soliman, badariah bais, mandeep jit singh, haitham alsaif, md. shabiul islam.  (2022).  metamaterial sensor based on reflected mirror rectangular split ring resonator for the application of microwave sensing.  - measurement.  1-11. 

saif hannan, mohammad tariqul islam, mohamed s. soliman, norsuzlin binti mohd sahar, mandeep singh jit singh, mohammad rashed iqbal faruque, ahmed alzamil.  (2022).  a filling-factor engineered, perfect metamaterial absorber for multiple applications at frequencies set by ieee in c and x bands.  - journal of materials research and technology.  934-946. 

hossain, i., samsuzzaman, m., singh, m. s. j., bais, b. b., mohammad tariqul islam.  (2021).  numerical investigation of polarization-insensitive multiband metamaterial for terahertz solar absorber.  - digest journal of nanomaterials and biostructures.  593-600. 

md. atiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep singh jit singh, md. samsuzzaman.  (2021).  polarization-independent multiband double-negative metamaterial through ferrite-based flexible substrate with tunable microwave dielectric properties.  - results in physics.  1-13. 

ismail hossain, md samsuzzaman, md moniruzzaman, badariah binti bais, mandeep singh jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2021).  polarization-independent broadband optical regime metamaterial absorber for solar harvesting: a numerical approach.  - chinese journal of physics.  699-715. 

md atiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep singh jit singh, md samsuzzaman & muhammad e. h. chowdhury.  (2021).  synthesis and characterization of mg zn ferrite based flexible microwave composites and its application as sng metamaterial.  - scientific reports.  1-14. 

saif a. khudhair and mandeep jit singh.  (2021).  performance evaluation of the use of filter bank multi-carrier waveform in different mmwave frequency bands.  - journal of communications.  36-41. 

md atiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep singh jit singh, muhammad eh. chowdhury , md samsuzzaman.  (2021).  quad-band flexible magnesium zinc ferrite (mgznfe2o4)-based double negative metamaterial for microwave applications.  - chinese journal of physics.  351-364. 

fazdliana samat, mandeep jit singh, aduwati sali, nasharuddin zainal.  (2021).  a comprehensive review of the site diversity technique in tropical region: evaluation of prediction models using site diversity gain of greece and india.  - ieee access.  5060-5071. 

farooq al-janabi, mandeep jit singh, and amar partap singh pharwaha.  (2021).  development of microstrip antenna for satellite application at ku/ka band.  - journal of communications.  118-125. 

p. m. kalaivaanan, aduwati sali, raja syamsul azmir raja abdullah, syamsuri yaakob, mandeep jit singh, ali m. al-saegh.  (2021).  on-the-move measurement analysis for ka-band high throughput satellite and lifi communication networks in tropical region.  - ieee access.  71344-71355. 

fazdliana samat, mandeep jit singh, aduwati sali, p.m. kalaivaanan.  (2021).  observation of site diversity gain dependency on separation distance using an attenuation-dependent logarithmic model in a tropical region.  - ieee access.  33994-34006. 

amer t. abed, mandeep s. jit singh, vinesh thiruchelvam, shankar duraikannan, omar almukhtar tawfeeq, bushra a. tawfeeq & mohammad tariqul islam.  (2021).  challenges and limits of fractal and slot antennas for wlan, lte, ism, and 5g communication: a review paper.  - annals of telecommunications.  547-557. 

husam hamid ibrahim, mandeep s. j. singh, samir salem al-bawri and mohammad tariqul islam.  (2020).  synthesis, characterization and development of energy harvesting techniques incorporated with antennas: a review study.  - sensors.  1-27. 

md. tarikul islam, mohammad tariqul islam, md. samsuzzaman, m. n. rahman, mandeep jit singh.  (2020).  asymmetric feed circularly polarized broadband printed antenna for wireless communication.  - journal of optoelectronics and advanced materials.  129-135. 

haider a. h. alobaidy, j. s. mandeep, rosdiadee nordin, nor fadzilah abdullah.  (2020).  a review on zigbee based wsns: concepts, infrastructure, applications, and challenges.  - international journal of electrical and electronic engineering & telecommunications.  189-198. 

saif a. khudhair, mandeep jit singh.  (2020).  review in fbmc to enhance the performance of 5g networks.  - journal of communications.  415-426. 

sumaya d. awad, aduwati sali, ali m. al-saegh, mohanad m. al-wani, r. s. a. raja abdullah, and mandeep s. j. singh.  (2020).  beamforming and scheduling techniques for multibeam dvb-s2x over rainy fading satellite channel.  - ieee access.  41116-41127. 

amran hossain, mohammad tariqul islam,ali f. almutairi, mandeep singh jit singh, kamarulzaman mat and md. samsuzzaman.  (2020).  an octagonal ring-shaped parasitic resonator based compact ultrawideband antenna for microwave imaging applications.  - sensors.  1-20. 

f. samat , m. s. jit singh and t. sountharapandian.  (2020).  rain attenuation prediction model assessment on 3 year ka band signal of measat 5 at tropical region using 7.3m antenna.  - mapan-journal metrology society of india.  201-212. 

amer t. abed , mandeep s. j. singh and aqeel m. jawad.  (2020).  investigation of circular polarization technique in q-slot antenna.  - international journal of microwave and wireless technologies.  176-182. 

fazdliana samat & mandeep singh jit singh.  (2020).  impact of rain attenuation to ka band signal propagation in tropical region: a study of 5 year measat 5s beacon measurement data.  - wireless personal communications.  2725-2740. 

p. m. kalaivaanan, aduwati sali, raja syamsul azmir raja abdullah, syamsuri yaakob, mandeep jit singh and ali m. al-saegh.  (2020).  measuring contention and congestion on ad-hoc multicast network towards satellite on ka-band and lifi communication under tropical environment region.  - ieee access.  942-951. 

p. m. kalaivaanan, aduwati sali, raja syamsul azmir raja abdullah ,syamsuri yaakob, mandeep jit singh, ali m. al-saegh.  (2020).  evaluation of ka-band rain attenuation for satellite communication in tropical regions through a measurement of multiple antenna sizes.  - ieee access.  18007-18018. 

md.moniruzzaman, mohammad tariqul islam, ghulam muhammad, mandeep singh jit singh, md.samsuzzaman.  (2020).  quad band metamaterial absorber based on asymmetric circular split ring resonator for multiband microwave applications.  - results in physics.  1-16. 

a.o. afolayan, j.s. mandeep, m. abdullah, s.m. buhari.  (2020).  observation of the north-south asymmetry in the equatorial spread f intensity at the brazilian longitude.  - advances in space research.  50-63. 

md atiqur rahman, mandeep singh jit singh, md samsuzzaman ,mohammad tariqul islam.  (2020).  a compact skull shaped defected ground super wideband microstrip monopole antenna for short distance wireless communication.  - international journal of communication systems.  1-15. 

fazdliana samat, mandeep jit singh.  (2020).  site diversity performance in ka band using a 7.3-m antenna diameter at tropical climate: a comparison of prediction models.  - acta geophysica.  1213-1221. 

md. atiqur rahman, mohammad rashed iqbal faruque, eistiak ahamed, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep singh.  (2019).  nickel particle-based compact flexible antenna for modern communication systems.  - electronics.  1-11. 

ahasanul hoque, mohammad tariqul islam, ali f. almutairi, mohammad rashed iqbalfaruque, mandeep jit singh, md. shabiul islam.  (2019).  u-joint double split o (udo) shaped with split square metasurface absorber for x and ku band application.  - results in physics.  1-9. 

md. naimur rahman, sayed amirul hassan, md. samsuzzaman, mandeep singh jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2019).  determination of salinity and sugar concentration using microwave sensor.  - microwave and optical technology letters.  361-364. 

saif hannan, mohammad tariqul islam, ahasanul hoque, mandeep jit singh and ali f. almutairi.  (2019).  design of a novel double negative metamaterial absorber atom for ku and k band applications.  - electronics.  1-16. 

fazdliana samat, mandeep singh jit singh.  (2019).  rain attenuation at tropical region site diversity gain models sensitivity.  - indonesian journal of electrical engineering and informatics (ijeei).  472-483. 

abimbola o. afolayan, mandeep jit singh, mardina abdullah, suhaila m. buhari, tatsuhiro yokoyama, pornchai supnithi.  (2019).  observation of seasonal asymmetry in the range spread f occurrence at different longitudes during low and moderate solar activity.  - annales geophysicae.  733-745. 

ernnie i. basri, mohamed t. h. sultan, faizal m., adi a. basri, mohd f. abas, m. s. abdul majid, j. s. mandeep, kamarul a. ahmad.  (2019).  performance analysis of composite ply orientation in aeronautical application of unmanned aerial vehicle (uav) naca4415 wing.  - journal of materials research and technology.  3822-3834. 

a.o. afolayan, j.s. mandeep, m. abdullah, s.m. buhari.  (2019).  statistics of spread f characteristics across different sectors and iri 2016 prediction.  - advances in space research.  2154-2163. 

md. tarikul islam,m. samsuzzaman,m. r. i. faruque,mandeep jit singh,m. t. islam.  (2019).  microwave imaging based breast tumor detection using compact wide slotted uwb patch antenna.  - optoelectronics and advanced materials, rapid communications.  448-457. 

yun yang ng, mandeep singh jit singh, vinesh thiruchelvam.  (2018).  performance analysis of 60-min to 1-min integration time rain rate conversion models in malaysia.  - journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics.  13-22. 

mohammad tariqul islam, md. naimur rahman, mandeep singh jit singh, md. samsuzzaman.  (2018).  detection of salt and sugar contents in water on the basis of dielectric properties using microstrip antenna-based sensor.  - ieee access. 

k thana pakkiam, k baskaran, js mandeep.  (2018).  simple mail box design of dual band microstrip patch antenna for wireless lan communications.  - bulletin of electrical engineering and informatics. 

mohammad tariqul islam, farhad bin ashraf, touhidul alam, norbahiah misran, and mandeep singh jit singh.  (2018).  investigation of left-handed meta-atom for radio frequency shielding application.  - science of advanced materials. 

ahasanul hoque, mohammad tariqul islam, ali f. almutairi, touhidul alam, mandeep jit singh and nowshad amin.  (2018).  a polarization independent quasi-tem metamaterial absorber for x and ku band sensing applications.  - sensor. 

m. t. islam · m. n. rahman· m. z. mahmud1 · m. a. ullah· m. samsuzzaman · m. j. singh.  (2018).  investigation of a resonator-based metamaterial for sensor applications.  - applied physics a.  1-7. 

amer t. abed , mandeep s. jit singh, mohamed t. islam.  (2018).  compact fractal antenna circularly polarised radiation for wi-fi and wimax communications.  - iet microwaves, antennas & propagation. 

f. a. m. nazri, j. s. mandeep, h. husain.  (2018).  statistical modelling of 1-min rain rate derived from 1-h integration time in malaysia.  - mapan-journal of metrology society of india. 

md. samsuzzaman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh.  (2018).  a compact printed monopole antenna with wideband circular polarization.  - ieee access. 

yun yann ng, mandeep jit singh, vinesh thiruchelvam.  (2018).  extension of itu-r method for 1-h to 1-min conversion of rain rate statistics for satellite propagation in malaysia.  - journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics. 

islam md. rafiqul, ali khadhim lwas, mohamed hadi habaebi, md moktarul alam, jalel chebil, jit singh mandeep, alhareth zyoud.  (2018).  analysis of time diversity gain for satellite communication link based on ku-band rain attenuation data measured in malaysia.  - international journal of electrical and computer engineering. 

mohammad tariqul islam, md. samsuzzaman, md. tarikul islam, salehin kibria and mandeep jit singh.  (2018).  a homogeneous breast phantom measurement system with an improved modified microwave imaging antenna sensor.  - sensors. 

mohammad tariqul islam, md. amanath ullah , touhidul alam, mandeep jit singh and mengu cho.  (2018).  microwave imaging sensor using low profile modified stacked type planar inverted f antenna.  - sensors. 

amer t. abed, mandeep s. j. singh and mohammad t. islam.  (2018).  compact-size fractal antenna with stable radiation properties for wi-fi and wimax communications.  - ksii transactions on internet and information systems. 

amer t abed, mandeep s. jit singh, mohamed t tariqul, aymen d khaleel.  (2017).  dual crescent-shaped slot antenna fed by circular polarisation into dual orthogonal strip lines.  - iet microwaves, antennas & propagation.  2129-2133. 

tv omotosho, sa akinwumi, oo ometan, mo adewusi, js mandeep, m abdullah.  (2017).  earth-space rain attenuation prediction: its impact at ku, ka and v-band over some equatorial stations.  - journal of informatics and mathematical sciences.  359-374. 

mehran behjati, jit singh mandeep, mahamod ismail, rosdiadee nordin.  (2017).  investigation of accuracy of rain-rate and rain-attenuation prediction models in satellite communications based on meteorological skills.  - mausam.  621-632. 

mohammed saeed mohammed, mandeep jit singh, mardina abdullah.  (2017).  new tr-uwb receiver algorithm design to mitigate mui in concurrent schemes.  - wireless personal communications.  4431-4450. 

md. zulfiker mahmud, mohammad tariqul islam, norbahiah misran, mandeep jit singh and kamarulzaman mat.  (2017).  a negative index metamaterial to enhance the performance of miniaturized uwb antenna for microwave imaging applications.  - applied sciences.  1-16. 

ali m al saegh, a sali, js mandeep, fernando perez fontan.  (2017).  channel measurements characterization and modeling for land mobile satellite terminals in tropical regions at ku band.  - ieee transactions on vehicular technology.  897-911. 

wayan suparta, wahyu sasongko putro, mandeep singh jit singh.  (2017).  an assessment of malaysian early warning of convective system (mancis) to predict thunderstorm activities.  - advanced science letters.  1428-1432. 

ahmad ridzuan mohammed shariff, norhazlina harun, mandeep singh jit singh, kalaivani chellappan, wayan suparta, fredolin t. tangang, maszidah muhammad, mardina abdullah, and mohammad tariqul islam.  (2017).  utilization of wind steadiness index for identification of malaysian northeast monsoon onset and withdrawal from 2011 to 2015.  - advanced science letters.  1440-1443. 

mohammed saeed mohammed, mandeep jit singh, mardina abdullah.  (2017).  new transmitted reference receiver technique to lessen the mui at wpan.  - sylwan.  1-9. 

masoud shakiba, azam zavvari, nadeer aleebrahim, mandeep jit singh.  (2016).  evaluating the academic trend of rfid technology based on sci and ssci publications from 2001 to 2014.  - scientometrics.  591-614. 

ashiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, md samsuzzaman, mandeep jit singh, md. akhtaruzzaman.  (2016).  preparation and characterization of flexible substrate material from phenyl-thiophene-2-carbaldehyde compound.  - materials.  1-12. 

wayan suparta, maszidah muhammad, mandeep singh jit singh, fredolin t. tangang, mardina abdullah, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2016).  variability of gps water vapor associated with warming activity in peninsular malaysia during the period of 2008 - 2011.  - journal of water and climate change.  240-250. 

a. t. abed, m.s.j. singh.  (2016).  slot antenna single layer fed by step impedance strip line for wi-fi and wi-max applications.  - electronics letters.  1196-1198. 

ashiqur rahman, ng m yi, afaz u ahmed, touhidul alam, mandeep j singh, mohammad t islam.  (2016).  a compact 5g antenna printed on manganese zinc ferrite substrate material.  - ieice electronics express.  1-5. 

md. rokunuzzaman, mohammad tariqul islam, wayne s. t. rowe, salehin kibria,mandeep jit singh, norbahiah misran.  (2016).  design of a miniaturized meandered line antenna for uhf rfid tags.  - plos one.  1-14. 

ashiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh and norbahiah misran.  (2016).  sol gel synthesis of transition-metal doped ferrite compounds with potential flexible, dielectric and electromagnetic properties.  - rsc advances.  84562-84572. 

ashiqur rahman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh, salehin kibria & md. akhtaruzzaman.  (2016).  electromagnetic performances analysis of an ultra-wideband and flexible material antenna in microwave breast imaging: to implement a wearable medical bra.  - scientific reports.  1-11. 

m. samsuzzaman,m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep, m.z.mahmud, t. alam and m.m. islam.  (2016).  miniaturized dual band y shaped antenna by high dielectric ceramic filled bio plastic composite material.  - international journal of applied electromagnetics and mechanics.  311-320. 

js ojo, at adediji, js mandeep , m ismail.  (2016).  variation of slant path ka/v band rain attenuation over seven tropical locations in nigeria using synthetic storm techniques.  - theoretical and applied climatology.  487-496. 

k thanapakkiam, js mandeep, mt islam.  (2015).  design od a rectangle radiator antenna for uhf rfid applications.  - electronics world.  30-35. 

lai chin yung, cheong choke fei, jit singh mandeep, nowshad amin, khin wee lai.  (2015).  bulk substrate porosity verification by applying monte carlo modeling and castaings formula using energy dispersive x rays.  - journal of electronic imaging.  1-7. 

masoud shakiba, mandeep jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam, elankovan sundararajan.  (2015).  applying cubic spline method to estimate the number of rfid tags in error prone communication channels.  - wireless personal communications.  361-382. 

md. rokunuzzaman, mohammad tariqul islam, haslina arshad, mandeep jit singh, norbahiah misran.  (2015).  design and experimental evaluation of modified square loop feeding for uhf rfid tags.  - plos one.  1-18. 

mohammad tariqul islam, afaz uddin ahmed, mahamod ismail, tharek bin abd rahman, mandeep singh jit singh, norbahiah misran.  (2015).  cognitive closed access femtocell application using multi-element antenna.  - eurasip journal on wireless communications and networking.  1-17. 

md rezwanul ahsan, mohammad tariqul islam, mohammad habib ullah, mandeep jit singh, mohd tarmizi ali.  (2015).  metasurface reflector (msr) loading for high performance small microstrip antenna design.  - plos one.  1-20. 

m. samsuzzaman, m. t. islam, m. nahar, j. mandeep, f. mansor, and m. m. islam.  (2015).  circularly polarized high gain s band antenna for nanosatellite.  - international journal of applied electromagnetics and mechanics.  1039-1049. 

a. z. g. zahid, m. singh, p. s. menon, f. n. hasoon, h. bakarman, a. a. a. bakar, m. a. m. alia, s. shaari.  (2015).  design and performance of a new 2d ocdma system using plastic optical fiber.  - optoelectronics and advanvced materials-rapid communications.  362 - 366. 

abdulmajeed h. j. al-jumaily, a. sali, j. s. mandeep, and alyani ismail.  (2015).  propagation measurement on earth sky signal effects for high speed train satellite channel in tropical region at ku band.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-10. 

ali kadhim lwas, md rafiqul islam, mohamed hadi habaebi, singh jit mandeep, ahmad fadzil ismail, alhareth zyoud.  (2015).  effects of wind velocity on slant path rain attenuation for satellite application in malaysia.  - acta astronautica.  402-407. 

ali m. al-saegh, a. sali, j. s. mandeep, and alyani ismail.  (2015).  tracking and scintillation aware channel model for geo satellite to land mobile terminals at ku band.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-15. 

m. r. i. faruque, m. i. hossain, n. misran, m. singh, m. t. islam.  (2015).  metamaterial-embedded low sar pifa for cellular phone.  - plos one.  1-14. 

soodabeh darzi, mohammad tariqul islam, sieh kiong tiong, salehin kibria, mandeep singh.  (2015).  stochastic leader gravitational search algorithm for enhanced adaptive beamforming technique.  - plos one.  1-20. 

ashiqur rahman, huda abdullah,mohd syafiq zulfakar, mandeep jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2015).  microwave dielectric properties of mnxzn(12x)fe2o4 ceramics and their compatibility with patch antenna.  - journal of sol-gel science and technology.  470-479. 

a.t. adediji, m.o. ajewole, j.s. ojo, a.g. ashidi, m. ismail and j.s. mandeep.  (2015).  influence of some meteorological factors on tropospheric radio refractivity over a tropical location in nigeria.  - mausam.  123-128. 

f a semire, r mohd-mokhtar, w ismail, n mohamad, j s mandeep.  (2015).  modeling of rain attenuation and site diversity predictions for tropical regions.  - annales geophysicae.  321-331. 

suparta w., iskandar a., jit singh m.s..  (2015).  a new technique to observe enso activity via ground-based gps receivers.  - springer series in materials science.  173-186. 

al-saegh a.m., sali a., mandeep j.s., ismail a..  (2015).  tracking- and scintillation-aware channel model for geo satellite to land mobile terminals at ku-band.  - international journal of antennas and propagation. 

wayan suparta, rosnani rahman, mandeep singh jit singh, and mohd talib latif.  (2015).  investigation of flash flood over the west peninsular malaysia by global positing system network.  - advanced science letters.  153-157. 

wayan suparta, wahyu sasongko putro, mandeep singh jit singh, and mhd fairos asillam.  (2015).  characterization of gps and meteorological parameters for mesoscale convective systems model over tawau, malaysia.  - advanced science letters.  203-206. 

shariff, ahmad ridzuan mohammed; singh, mandeep singh jit; chellappan, kalaivani; suparta, wayan; tangang, fredolin t.; salimun, ester; muhammad, maszidah; abdullah, mardina; islam, mohammad tariqul.  (2015).  a preliminary study of cold surges and precipitation during the northeast monsoon season over malaysia.  - advanced science letters.  185-188. 

at adediji, js mandeep, m ismail.  (2014).  meteorological characterization of effective earth radius factor (k-factor) for wireless radio link over akure, nigeria.  - mapan-journal of metrology society of india.  29(2):131-141. 

lai chin yung, cheong choke fei, js mandeep, huda binti abdullah, lai khin wee.  (2014).  synthesis of a nano-silver metal ink for use in thick conductive film fabrication applied on a semiconductor package.  - plos one.  9(5):1-9. 

mr zaman, mt islam, n misran, js mandeep.  (2014).  analysis of resonance response performance of c-band antenna using parasitic element.  - scientific world journal.  2014:1-10. 

js mandeep, mt islam.  (2014).  effect of seasonal variation on tropospheric scintillation at ku-band in equatorial climate.  - indian journal of physics.  88(6):541-545. 

masoud shakiba, mandeep jit singh, elankovan sundararajan, azam zavvri, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2014).  extending birthday paradox theory to estimate the number of tags in rfid systems.  - plos one.  9(4):1-11. 

montadar abas taher, js mandeep, mahamod ismail, salina abdul samad, mt islam.  (2014).  reducing the power envelope fluctuation of ofdm systems using side information supported amplitude clipping approach.  - international journal of circuit theory and applications.  42:425-435. 

m habib ullah, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep, n.misran.  (2014).  low-cost substrate supports multiband patch antenna.  - microwaves & rf.  53(3):52-58. 

jun-jiat tiang, m. t. islam, norbahiah misran and j. mandeep singh.  (2014).  wideband l-probe circular patch antenna for dual-frequency rfid application.  - microwave and optical technology letters.  56:1421-1424. 

m. habib ullah, j.s. mandeep, n. misran, b.yatim, m.t.islam.  (2014).  design and prototyping of a compact 2s shaped dual band patch antenna.  - elektronika ir elektrotechnika.  20(1):92-95. 

m. samsuzzaman, t. islam, n. h. abd rahman, m. r. i. faruque, and j. s.mandeep.  (2014).  coplanar waveguide fed compact wide circular-slotted antenna for wi-fi/wimax applications.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-10. 

teh sieh ting and j.s. mandeep.  (2014).  analysis of worst-month relationship with annual rain attenuation in malaysia.  - research journal of applied sciences, engineering and technology.  7(7):1267-1269. 

m habib ullah, mt islam, mr ahsan, js mandeep, n misran.  (2014).  a dual band slotted patch antenna on dielectric material substrate.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-7. 

a.t. adediji, mahamod ismail, j.s. mandeep.  (2014).  variation of radio field strength and radio horizon distance over three stations in nigeria.  - journal of atmospheric and solar - terrestrial physics.  109:1-6. 

folasade abiola semire, rosmiwati mohd-mokhtar, widad ismail, norizah mohamad, j.s. mandeep.  (2014).  evaluation of site diversity rain attenuation mitigation technique in south-east asia.  - acta astronautica.  96:303-312. 

adekunle titus adediji, mahamod ismail, jit singh mandeep.  (2014).  performance analysis of microwave radio refractivity on radio field strength and radio horizon distance over akure, nigeria.  - wireless personal communications.  1893-1909. 

chin yung lai, choke fei cheong, jit singh mandeep, huda abdullah, nowshad amin and khin wee lai.  (2014).  synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and silver inks: review on the past and recent technology roadmaps.  - journal of materials engineering and performance.  3541-3550. 

hs wong, s kibria, mt islam, js mandeep, n misran.  (2014).  quad band handset antenna for lte mimo and wlan application.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-7. 

rezaul azim, mohammad tariqul islam, norbahiah misran,,baharudin yatim, and haslina arshad.  (2014).  design and realization of a planar ultrawideband antenna with notch band at 3.5 ghz.  - the scientific world journal.  1-7. 

jun jiat tiang, mt. islam, norbahiah misran, j. singh mandeep.  (2014).  a rounded corner triangular patch antenna for dual-frequency application.  - microwave and optical technology letters.  56(1):69-72. 

jun-jiat tiang & mohammad tariqul islam & norbahiah misran & mandeep jit singh.  (2014).  design of a dual-band microstrip antenna using particle swarm optimization with curve fitting.  - annals of telecommunications.  633-640. 

tv omotosho, js mandeep, m abdullah.  (2014).  cloud cover cloud liquid water and cloud attenuation at ka and v bands over equatorial climate.  - meteorological applications.  21:777-785. 

md shamsuzzaman, mohammad tariqul islam, mandeep jit singh.  (2014).  ceramic material base d multiband patch antenna for satell ite applications.  - revue roumaine des sciences techniques-serie electrotechnique et energetique.  77-85. 

taher m.a., singh m.j., ismail m., samad s.a., islam m.t., mahdi h.f..  (2014).  post-ifft-modified selected mapping to reduce the papr of an ofdm system.  - circuits, systems, and signal processing.  535 - 555. 

m. samsuzzaman, t. islam, n. h. abd rahman, m. r. i. faruque, and j. s.mandeep.  (2014).  compact modified swastika shape patch antenna for wlan/wimax applications.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  1-8. 

m. m. islam, m. r. i. faruque, w. hueyshin, j. s. mandeep, and t. islam.  (2014).  a double inverted f-shape patch antenna for dual-band operation.  - international journal of antennas and propagation.  2014:1-8. 

m habib ullah, mohammad t islam, js mandeep, n misran.  (2014).  ceramic polytetrafluoroethylene composite material-based miniaturized split-ring patch antenna.  - science and engineering of composite materials.  21(3):405-410. 

cheng yee chen, js mandeep.  (2014).  comparison of tropospheric scintillation prediction models of the indonesian climate.  - earth planets and space.  66(64):1-12. 

tv omotosho, ml akinyemi, js mandeep, m abdullah.  (2014).  total atmospheric absorption of fixed satellite communication signal due to oxygen and water vapor in nigeria.  - ieee antennas and propagation magazine.  56(2):108-121. 

m. samsuzzaman, m. t. islam, haslina arshad, j. s. mandeep and n. misran.  (2014).  circularly polarized s band dual frequency square patch antenna using glass microfiber reinforced ptfe composite.  - the scientific world journal.  2014:1-10. 

tv omotosho, js mandeep, m abdullah, at adediji.  (2013).  distribution of one-minute rain rate in malaysia derived from trmm satellite data.  - annales geophysicae.  31(11):2013-2022. 

israna hossain arka, musab ahmad mohammad al-tarawni and j.s. mandeep.  (2013).  cooperative spectrum sensing performance-overhead tradeoff in cognitive radio network under bandwidth constraint.  - research journal of applied sciences, engineering and technology.  6(23):4499-4505. 

phang wai san, thian su kian, ashwini sugumaran and js mandeep.  (2013).  review of a uhf band tag antenna design.  - electronics world.  119:30-34. 

ali mohammed al sageh, aduwati sali, j.s. mandeep, alyani ismail.  (2013).  extracted atmospheric impairments on earth-sky signal quality in tropical regions at ku-band.  - journal of atmospheric and solar terrestrial physics.  104:96-105. 

nadirah binti abdul rahim, md rafiqul islam, j.s. mandeep, hassan dao, saad osman bashir.  (2013).  tropospheric scintillation prediction models for a high elevation angle based on measured data from a tropical region.  - journal of atmospheric and solar - terrestrial physics.  105-106:91-96. 

j.s. mandeep and hafizah mustapha.  (2013).  design and analysis of dipole and monopole antenna for cubesat application.  - research journal of applied sciences, engineering and technology.  6(17):3094-3097. 

nor aina musa, aidawati mustapha, j.s. mandeep, n. zainal.  (2013).  migration for fixed satellite station in c-band from measat 1 to measat 3.  - world applied sciences journal.  24(2):207-212. 

cc yee, js mandeep, mt islam.  (2013).  modification of karasawa tropospheric scintillation model for malaysia climate.  - indian journal of physics.  87(9):841-845. 

renuka nalinggam, widad ismail, mandeep jit singh, mohammad tariqul islam, p. susthitha menon.  (2013).  development of rain attenuation model for southeast asia equatorial climate.  - iet communications.  7(10):1008-1014. 

ali m. al-saegh, a. sali, j. s. mandeep, alyani ismail, abdulmajeed h. j. aljumaily.  (2013).  earth-sky link quality performance for fixed and mobile scenarios in tropical regions.  - progress in electromagnetics research c.  39:61-75. 

m. a. taher, j. s. mandeep, m. ismail, s. a. samad, m. t. islam.  (2013).  sliding the slm-technique to reduce the non- linear distortion in ofdm systems.  - elektronika ir elektrotechnika.  19(5):103-111. 

m. habib ullah, m. t. islam, and j. s. mandeep.  (2013).  printed prototype of a wideband s-shape microstrip patch antenna for ku/k band applications.  - applied computational electromagnetics society.  28(4):307-313. 

kaveh shameli, mandeep jit singh, mahamod ismail, ranjbar m.g.  (2013).  measurement attenuation by estimate fade duration and number of fade in tropical climate.  - middle east journal of scientific research.  16(4):519-525. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2013).  prediction of signal attenuation due to rain models at tronoh, malaysia.  - mapan journal of metrology society of india.  28(2):105-111. 

m. habib ullah, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep, n. misran.  (2013).  a new double l-shaped multiband patch antenna on a polymer resin material substrate.  - applied physics a: materials science & processing.  110(1):199-205. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2013).  fade duration statistics for ku-band satellite links.  - advances in space research.  52:445-450. 

ooi wei chun, js mandeep.  (2013).  conversion process of rain rate distribution from higher integration times into 1-minute in malaysia.  - world applied sciences journal.  23(4):444-449. 

montadar abas taher, mandeep jit singh, mahamod bin ismail, salina abdul samad, mohammad tariqul islam.  (2013).  reducing the papr of ofdm systems by random variable transformation.  - etri journal.  35(4):714-717. 

m. samsuzzaman, m. t. islam, j. s. mandeep.  (2013).  parametric analysis of a glass-micro fibre-reinforced ptfe material, multiband, patch-structure antenna for satellite applications.  - optoelectronics and advanced materials - rapid communications.  7(9-10):760-769. 

wayan suparta, ahmad iskandar, mandeep singh jit singh, mohd. alauddin mohd. ali, baharudin yatim, ahmad norazhar mohd yatim.  (2013).  analysis of gps water vapor variability during the 2011 la niña event over the western pacific ocean.  - annals of geophysics.  56(3):R0330. 

mohammad tariqul islam, mohammad habib ullah, mandeep jit singh, mohammad rashed iqbal faruque.  (2013).  a new metasurface superstrate structure for antenna performance enhancement.  - materials.  6:3226-3240. 

m. samsuzzaman, m. t. islam, j. s. mandeep.  (2013).  triple band x shape microstrip patch antenna for ku/k band applications.  - modern applied science.  7(8):70-77. 

wayan suparta, ahmad iskandar, mandeep singh jit singh, mohd alauddin mohd ali, baharudin yatim, fredolin tangang.  (2013).  a study of el niño-southern oscillation impacts to the south china sea region using ground-based gps receiver.  - journal of physics: conference series.  423:012043. 

m. habib ullah, m. t. islam, j. s. mandeep.  (2013).  a parametric study of high dielectric material substrate for small antenna design.  - international journal of applied electromagnetics and mechanics.  41(2):193-198. 

temidayo victor omotosho, jit singh mandeep, mardina abdullah.  (2013).  cloud attenuation studies of the six major climatic zones of africa for ka and v satellite system design.  - annals of geophysics.  56(5):1-18. 

m.s. alam, m.t. islam, n. misran, j.s. mandeep.  (2013).  a wideband microstrip patch antenna for 60 ghz wireless applications.  - elektronika ir elektrotechnika (electronics and electrical engineering).  19(9):65-70. 

m. habib ullah, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep, n. misran.  (2013).  design and analysis of a multi band electrically small antenna using ceramic material substrate.  - przeglad elektrotechniczny (electrical review).  89(1a):271-274. 

r. azim, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep and a.t. mobashsher.  (2012).  a planar circular ring ultra-wideband antenna with dual band-notched characteristics.  - journal of electromagnetic waves and applications.  26(14-15):2022-2032. 

m. habib ullah, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  ceramic substrate shrinks patch antenna.  - microwaves and rf.  51(8):50-54. 

jit singh mandeep and mohamad tariqul islam.  (2012).  evaluation of statistical tropospheric scintillation models using superbird-c satellite for malaysia.  - acta geophysica.  60(4):1180-1191. 

jeeng ji lee, mik kian hing, yin fen ng, j. s. mandeep, m. t. islam, a. a. a. bakar, n. zainal, n. h. talib.  (2012).  wireless system assists libraries.  - microwaves & rf.  51(5):88-97. 

js mandeep, ng chuen, mf ghazali.  (2012).  development of a smart shelf library system using rfid.  - advances in natural and applied sciences.  6(2):235-240. 

rezaul azim, mohammad tariqul islam, j.s. mandeep, norbahiah misran, and ahmed toaha mobashsher.  (2012).  uwb antenna add two notches.  - microwaves and rf.  51(12):56-66. 

montadar abas taher, js mandeep, mahamod ismail, and mt islam.  (2012).  a novel way to enhance the papr of ofdm systems.  - journal of applied sciences research.  8(3):1589-1593. 

menon, p.s., zahid, a.z.g., mandeep, j.s., shaari, s..  (2012).  realisation of 2-d ocdma network using edw code.  - optik.  123(15):1385-1389. 

p. s. menon, k. kandiah, j. s. mandeep, s. shaari, p. r. apte.  (2012).  near field and far field effects in the taguchi-optimized design of an inp/gaas-based double wafer-fused mqw long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser.  - journal of nonlinear optical physics & materials.  21(1): art. no. 1250004. 

habib ullah, m., islam, m.t., mandeep, j.s., misran, n., nikabdullah, n..  (2012).  a compact wideband antenna on dielectric material substrate for k band.  - elektronika ir elektrotechnika.  123(7):75-78. 

nadirah binti abdul rahim, rafiqul islam, j.s. mandeep and hassan dao.  (2012).  comparison of tropospheric scintillation models on earth-space paths in tropical region.  - research journal of applied sciences, engineering and technology.  4(11):1616-1623. 

habib ullah, m., m.t. islam, mandeep sing, rosdiadee nordin and badariah bais.  (2012).  design of transmitter for cdm based 2x2 multiple input multiple output channel sounder for multipath delay measurement.  - american journal of applied sciences.  9(1):117-122. 

m.t. islam, ahmed toaha mobashsher, and j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  compare compact uhf antennas.  - microwaves and rf.  51(3):56-62. 

mustafa dh. hassib, js mandeep, mardina abdullah, mahamod ismail, rosdiadee nordin and mt islam.  (2012).  improved concatenated (rs-cc) for ofdm systems.  - ieice electronics express.  9(6):538-543. 

siti aisyah and j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  image processing using dct and wavelet transform.  - optoelectronics and advanced materials rapid communications.  6(1-2):29-35. 

taher montadar abas, singh mandeep singh jit, ismail mahamod, samad salina abdul, islam mohammad tariqul.  (2012).  an additive scaling factor to reduce the papr of the ofdm systems.  - journal of electrical and electronics engineering.  5(1):247-250. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  analysis of rain attenuation prediction models at ku-band in thailand.  - advances in space research.  49:566-571. 

folasade abiola semire, rosmiwati mohd-mokhtar, widad ismail, norizah mohamad, j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  ground validation of space-borne satellite rainfall products in malaysia.  - advances in space research.  50(9):1241-1249. 

montadar abas taher, j.s. mandeep, mahamod ismail and m.t. islam.  (2012).  peak to average power ratio reduction of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing system with a significant low complexity.  - american journal of applied sciences.  9(12):1985-1989. 

renuka nalinggam, widad ismail, j. s. mandeep.  (2012).  rain-induced attenuation for ku-band satellite communications in the west coast of peninsular malaysia, penang.  - annals of telecommunications.  67(11-12):569-573. 

m. samsuzzaman, m.t. islam, j.s. mandeep.  (2012).  design of a compact new shaped microstrip patch antenna for satellite application.  - advances in natural and applied sciences.  6(6):898-903. 

mohammad h ullah, mohammad t islam, mandeep s jit and norbahiah misran.  (2012).  a three-stacked patch antenna using high-dielectric ceramic material substrate.  - journal of intelligent material systems and structures.  23(16):1827-1832. 

m. habib ullah, mandeep sing, sumazly sulaiman, m. shamim shumon m.islam.  (2011).  hardware prototyping of root raised cosine fir filter for 2x2 mimo channel sounder.  - australian journal of basic and applied sciences.  5(11): 375-382. 

j. j. tiang, m. t. islam, n. misran and j. s. mandeep.  (2011).  circular microstrip slot antenna for dual-frequency rfid application.  - progress in electromagnetics research.  120:499-512. 

j. j. tiang, m.t. islam, n. misran and j. s. mandeep.  (2011).  slot loaded circular microstrip antenna with meandered slits.  - journal of electromagnetic waves and appllications.  25(13):1851-1862. 

j. s. mandeep and hilary.  (2011).  effects of polarization loss factor, form factors and reader transmitting power on the range of paper and plastic uhf tags in a free and metallic environment.  - international journal of the physical sciences.  6(12):2776-2781. 

jit singh mandeep, anthony cheng chen yee, mardina abdullah and mohammad tariqul islam.  (2011).  tropospheric scintillation measurements in ku-band satellite signals on earth-space paths with low elevation angle.  - idojaras.  115(4):265-273. 

islam, m.t., numan, m.w., misran, n., mohd ali, m.a., singh, m..  (2011).  hardware implementation of a mimo decoder using matrix factorization based channel estimation.  - frequenz.  65(3-4):79-85. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2011).  comparison of rain rate models for equatorial climate in south east asia.  - geofizika.  28(2):265-274. 

js mandeep, rmzali.  (2011).  analysis and comparison model for measuring tropospheric scintillation intensity for ku-band frequency inmalaysia.  - earth sciences research journal.  15(1):13-17. 

amir effendy muhammad-afifi, widad ismail, jit singh mandeep.  (2011).  high tuning sensitivity dielectric resonator oscillatior from optimization of dilelectric resonator te01 mode.  - microwave journal.  54(10):128-142. 

kelechi hilary anabi, j. s. mandeep, m. islam and j. j. tiang.  (2011).  a quarter-wave y-shaped patch antenna with two unequal arms for wideband ultra high frequency radio-frequency identification (uhf rfid) operations.  - international journal of the physical sciences.  6(26):6200-6209. 

temidayo victor omotosho, jilt singh mandeep and mardina abdullah.  (2011).  cloud-cover statistics and cloud attenuation at ka-and v-bands for satellite systems design in tropical wet climate.  - ieee antenna and wireless propagation letters.  10:1194-1196. 

r. nalinggam, w. ismail, j.s. mandeep.  (2011).  comparison of rain attenuation prediction models with ground measurement data for penang.  - iet microwaves, antennas and propagation.  5(13):1546-1551. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2011).  experimental analysis of tropospheric scintillation in northern equatorial west malaysia.  - international journal of the physical sciences.  6(7):1673-1676. 

j.s. mandeep.  (2011).  rain rate analysis and total rain accumulation in the north of malayan peninsula.  - annals of telecommunications.  66:377-381. 

j.s. mandeep, anthony cheng chen yee, m. abdullah, m tariqul.  (2011).  comparison and analysis of tropospheric scintillation models for northern malaysia.  - acta astronautica.  69(1-2):2-5. 

w. suparta, m. a. mohd. ali, m. s. jit singh, b. yatim, t. motoba, n. sato, a. kadokura and g. bjornsson.  (2011).  gps tec variation affected by the interhemispheric conjugate auroral activity on 21 september 2009.  - world academy of science, engineering and technology (waset).  60 : 1022-1025. 

j. s. mandeep, renuka nalinggam, widad bt ismail.  (2011).  analysis of rain attenuation models for south east asia countries.  - journal of infrared, millimeter and terahertz waves.  32(2):233-240. 

islam, m.t., mandeep, j.s., misran, n., mohd yatim, b..  (2011).  performance of adaptive beamforming algorithm for angle separation and interference power level.  - iete journal of research.  57(1):57-63. 

j. s. mandeep, renuka nalinggam and widad ismail.  (2011).  cumulative distribution of rainfall data for tropical countries.  - journal of scientific research and essays.  6(2):447-452. 

m. abdullah, j.s. mandeep, s. zainuddin, s. abdullah and a.f.m. zain.  (2011).  variation of fof2 prior to earthquakes.  - journal of metrology society of india.  26(2):97-103. 

j. s. mandeep.  (2011).  extracting of tropospheric scintillation propagation data from ku-band satellite beacon.  - international journal of the physical sciences.  6(11):2649-2653. 

m. j. singh, n. k. loke.  (2011).  dielectric resonator notch filter design with experimental bismuth lanthanum titanate material.  - optoelectronics and advanced materials - rapid communications.  5(6):627-630. 

j. s. mandeep & y. y. ng & h. abdullah & m. abdullah.  (2010).  the study of rain specific attenuation for the prediction of satellite propagation in malaysia.  - journal of infrared, millimeter, and terahertz waves.  31(6):681-689. 

js mandeep, yun yann ng.  (2010).  satellite beacon experiment for studying atmospheric dynamics.  - journal of infrared millimeter and terahertz waves.  31(8):988-994. 

js mandeep, misran n, abdullah h, how tc.  (2010).  patch array antenna serves satcom needs.  - microwaves & rf.  49(4):90-93. 

js mandeep and cc lim.  (2010).  design a spdt switch for wimax.  - microwaves & rf journal.  49(13):68-74. 

js mandeep, how tc, ling tc.  (2010).  uwb antenna stops two bands.  - microwaves & rf.  49(8):96-99. 

j.s. mandeep, h. abdullah, nitesh ram.  (2010).  a compact, balanced low noise amplifier for wimax base station applications.  - microwave journal.  53(11):84-92. 

abdullah, h., norazia, m.n., shaari, s., mandeep, j.s..  (2010).  influence of post-annealing temperature on the properties exhibited by nanostructured in doped zno thin films.  - thin solid films.  518(24 SUPPL.):e174. 

js mandeep.  (2010).  size reduction technique for microstrip patch antenna.  - electronics world.  116(1893):44-45. 

hilary ka, mandeep js.  (2010).  study reliability of radiated rfid tags.  - microwaves & rf.  49(10):77-81. 

mohamed elhefnawy, widad ismail and j. s. mandeep.  (2009).  circular polarisation diversity with small size microstrip antenna.  - international journal of electronics.  96(11):1197-1205. 

js mandeep.  (2009).  rain attenuation statistics over a terrestrial link at 32.6 ghz at malaysia.  - iet microwave antenna and propagation.  3(7):1086-1093. 

j mandeep.  (2009).  slant path rain attenuation comparison of prediction models for satellite applications in malaysia.  - journal of geophysical research-atmospheres.  114(17):art. no. D17108.